Inégalités PDF

Ce colloque vise à favoriser les échanges sur les pratiques de recherche interventionnelle en santé publique appliquée au cancer, à renforcer les capacités des acteurs et à soutenir inégalités PDF développement de projets de recherche communs aux chercheurs, aux décideurs et aux acteurs de l’intervention. En France, le développement de la recherche interventionnelle est un enjeu majeur soutenu dans la Stratégie Nationale de Santé et dans la Stratégie Nationale de Recherche.


Le succès mondial du dernier livre de Thomas Piketty, qui fut l’élève d’Anthony Atkinson, a remobilisé l’attention sur le fléau que constitue l’explosion des inégalités dans les pays riches. Le diagnostic est désormais bien connu. En revanche, trop peu d’économistes s’attachent à nous expliquer comment inverser la tendance. Et tant d’autres nous désespèrent en ressassant les arguments qui donnent aux gouvernants autant de prétextes pour ne rien faire : l’intervention de l’État affaiblirait l’économie ; la mondialisation rendrait toute action impossible au niveau national ; de nouvelles mesures seraient au-dessus de nos moyens, etc. Atkinson met en pièces ces contre-vérités et propose un programme complet, concret et réalisable, même au niveau d’un seul pays.Le problème, souligne-t-il, n’est pas seulement que les riches s’enrichissent toujours plus. Nous sommes aussi inopérants dans la lutte contre la pauvreté, car l’économie change vite, et la majorité de la population ne peut pas suivre. Pour réduire l’inégalité, nous devons faire plus que lever de nouveaux impôts sur les riches. Atkinson prescrit donc des politiques innovantes et ambitieuses dans cinq domaines : le changement technologique, la recherche du plein-emploi, la sécurité sociale, le partage du capital et la fiscalité progressive.Dans ce texte vivant, accessible, Atkinson nous livre une somme incontournable sur le sujet et un message d’espoir dans les possibilités de l’action politique.Anthony B. Atkinson, professeur d’économie à la London School of Economics, est l’auteur d’une cinquantaine d’ouvrages. Un demi-siècle de travaux innovants sur la répartition des richesses, les inégalités et la pauvreté lui valent une renommée internationale. Il a notamment été président de la Royal Economic Society, de l’European Economic Association et de l’International Economic Association. Il a également été membre du Conseil d’analyse économique en France.Traduit de l’anglais par Françoise et Paul ChemlaPréface de Thomas Piketty

L’édition 2019 est résolument tournée vers les modalités de conduite de projets de recherche interventionnelle en vue de réduire les inégalités. Comment produire des connaissances sur la réduction des inégalités et la production d’équité ? Méthodes et pratiques de recherche sur la réduction des inégalités. Comment mener des interventions en vue de réduire les inégalités et de produire de l’équité ? Méthodes et pratiques d’intervention sur la réduction des inégalités.

Comment construire des partenariats et des collaborations pour produire des connaissances sur les interventions visant à réduire les inégalités ? Chercheurs, décideurs et intervenants ont donc été invités à partager leurs expériences dans le cadre de communications orales ou affichées, sélectionnées sous l’égide d’un conseil scientifique. Base documentaire Retrouvez ci-dessous tous nos documents, classés par catégories. Cliquez sur un document pour le télécharger ou le consulter en ligne.

Projet Interreg New-C-Land Une nouvelle vie aux sites marginaux ! 50 governments and international organizations worldwide. Oxfam is an international confederation working together with partners and local communities in more than 90 countries to end the injustices that cause poverty. We believe inequality is far from inevitable. It is a policy choice and governments have considerable powers to reduce the gap between the rich and poor in their countries. We developed this index to measure and monitor government policy commitments to reducing inequality, but also to offer a robust, evidence-based alternative to other existing income and wealth measuring systems which are sorely lacking in data coverage and quality.

Over the last 30 year, Australia has also enjoyed a phase of uninterrupted economic growth however not everyone has felt the benefits. The proportion of people living in income poverty has stuck at around 9 percent over the same period and inequality has risen. People living in single-parent families, unemployed people, people with disabilities and indigenous Australians are particularly vulnerable to economic disadvantage, poverty and the impacts of rising inequality. Meanwhile households at the top end of the income spectrum have tended to remain in those income groups, and the fortunes of children are still determined by their parents’ earnings. The Australian Government could do much more to tackle inequality which has been gradually rising over the last three decades. Australia was found to be amongst the biggest cutters of health spending of all the 157 countries examined. Australia’s score on labour rights, at 36, also put it well below most OECD countries.

Up to the end of 2017, Australia was one of just15 countries to have cut corporate income tax rates. On a more positive note the government dumped plans to introduce further tax cuts for large corporations in August 2018. This was a big win in the fight against inequality in the country. Planned changes to personal income tax rates will also erode the progressivity of Australia’s tax system if they go ahead.

This is likely to affect Australia’s score on tax in the future. 200k are taxed at the same marginal tax rate of 32. Estimates suggest that Zambia’s Gini coefficient stands at 0. 65, making the country one of the most unequal in the world.

Rural poverty is estimated at 76. Zambia is classified by the World Bank as a lower middle-income country, mainly due to growth led by the extractive industries. 2018 have since been revised downwards by the government. Over the past five years, Zambia’s external debt has risen dramatically, beginning with the three Eurobonds issued in 2012, 2014 and 2015 at values of USD750 million, USD1billion and USD1. Concerns of growing domestic debt and the negative impact this is having on private sector activity have also been echoed by industry bodies and policy and research think tanks.

Growing debt and the inability to maximise taxation of the private sector and high-net worth individuals3 are occurring at a time when citizens are experiencing high tax burden arising from the introduction of numerous consumption taxes, fees and levies. Since 2017, reports of the Financial Intelligence Centre have revealed significant occurrence of suspicious financial transactions involving tax havens and high net worth individuals and politically exposed persons in Zambia. Belgium has enjoyed low levels of inequality for many years thanks to a long tradition of progressive policies. Throughout its history Belgium has always had high levels of trade union membership and a respected tradition of social dialogue between employers and employees. The strong negotiation position of labor unions is reflected in low average pay ratios of just 2.

4 between the highest paid 10 percent of employees and the lowest paid 10 percent. However, this system is increasingly under pressure. Over the course of the last year, labour unions have highlighted several occasions where the government has not respected the outcome of dialogue between employers and employees. Cuts in funding for public services and social security affect everyone but the poorest are hit hardest.

The Belgium Minimum Income Network, a broad coalition of poverty organizations and labor unions, are calling for the government to increase minimum benefits levels above the poverty line. Brazil has taken a U-turn on inequality in the last four years. From 1998, and the introduction of Brasil’s new Constitution, social spending expanded greatly. In 1990, social spending represented just 44 percent of the non-financial budget but by 2014 it had reached a peak of 77 percent. In in 2016 the new government rapidly cut back social spending to 60 percent. According to an Oxfam Brasil, INESC, and Centre for Economic and Social Rights’ study, funding for women’s rights was cut by 53 percent between 2014 and 2017, housing by 62 percent, climate change by 72 percent, and food security by 76 percent. The government also proposed and approved a Constitutional Amendment that largely freezes all Federal spending for 20 years.