Jean-Georges Cornelius PDF

French intellectual and literary figure working in literature, philosophy, anthropology, economics, sociology and history of art. Jean-Georges Cornelius PDF attended the École Nationale des Chartes in Paris, graduating in February 1922. He sometimes published under pseudonyms, and some of his publications were banned.


Jean-Georges Cornélius naît à Strasbourg le 23 janvier 1880. Sa famille quitte l Alsace en 1895 et Cornélius intègre alors l atelier de Gustave Moreau. A la mort de celui-ci, il suit les cours de René Ménard, Luc-Olivier Merson et intègre l Académie de la Grande Chaumière où il fait la connaissance d une jeune américaine qui devient sa femme en 1917, Auria Moses.
Entre 1905 et 1913, il réalise un très grand nombre d illustrations d inspiration médiévale pour des revues et deux ouvrages, dont « La Chanson de Roland » en 1912.
Engagé volontaire en 1914, il devient infirmier dans une unité combattante, il sera blessé à deux reprises lors des combats. Ce conflit le marquera a tout jamais et, à partir de 1920, il oriente sa peinture vers un mysticisme et un expressionnisme qui vont lui permettre de bâtir une uvre unique, en dehors du temps. Il expose alors à Paris, aux Etats-Unis ainsi qu en Belgique. Il illustre avec bonheur Oscar Wilde ou Charles Baudelaire. En 1929, il fait la connaissance de Georges Bernanos avec qui il se lie de manière très profonde. D origine protestante, il se convertit au catholicisme en 1931. Installé en Belgique, puis aux Baléares et à Paris, il revient fréquemment dans sa propriété bretonne de Boursoul, non loin de Paimpol, car la Bretagne l inspire et imprègne son uvre. Sur les conseils de Bernanos, la famille Cornélius déménage au Brésil (où il expose) en 1947, puis à Rome, avant de revenir définitivement en Bretagne. Sa dernière exposition se tient à Nantes en 1956. Jean-Georges Cornélius décède à Ploubazlanec en 1963.

Initially attracted to Surrealism, Bataille quickly fell out with its founder André Breton, although Bataille and the Surrealists resumed cautiously cordial relations after World War II. Fascinated by human sacrifice, he founded a secret society, Acéphale, the symbol of which was a headless man. Bataille drew from diverse influences and used various modes of discourse to create his work. Inner Experience, Guilty, and On Nietzsche. 1934, and she later married the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. Bataille also had an affair with Colette Peignot, who died in 1938.

In 1946 Bataille married Diane de Beauharnais, with whom he had a daughter. In 1955 Bataille was diagnosed with cerebral arteriosclerosis, although he was not informed at the time of the terminal nature of his illness. He died seven years later, on 9 July 1962. Bataille developed base materialism during the late 1920s and early 1930s as an attempt to break with mainstream materialism. He argues for the concept of an active base matter that disrupts the opposition of high and low and destabilises all foundations.

La Part maudite is a book written by Bataille between 1946 and 1949, when it was published by Les Éditions de Minuit. It was translated into English and published in 1991, with the title The Accursed Share. It presents a new economic theory, which Bataille calls « general economy, » as distinct from the « restricted » economic perspective of most economic theory. I will simply state, without waiting further, that the extension of economic growth itself requires the overturning of economic principles—the overturning of the ethics that grounds them. Changing from the perspectives of restrictive economy to those of general economy actually accomplishes a Copernican transformation: a reversal of thinking—and of ethics. Thus, according to Bataille’s theory of consumption, the accursed share is that excessive and non-recuperable part of any economy which is destined to one of two modes of economic and social expenditure. This must either be spent luxuriously and knowingly without gain in the arts, in non-procreative sexuality, in spectacles and sumptuous monuments, or it is obliviously destined to an outrageous and catastrophic outpouring in war.