Joffre PDF

This joffre PDF needs additional citations for verification. A portrait of a young man, believed to be Jofré Borgia. Gioffre and Sancha were 12 and 16, respectively, at the time of their marriage. The marriage was a political one.


La biographie de référence du maréchal Joffre, sans concession pour les idées reçues et les discours convenus.

Ni hagiographie ni critique systématique, Rémy Porte livre la biographie de référence du maréchal Joffre, sans doute le chef militaire le plus contesté de la Première Guerre mondiale. Porté au pinacle après la victoire de la Marne, à la tête des armées françaises jusqu’en 1916, Joffre est remplacé par Nivelle après les terribles batailles de Verdun et de la Somme. Mais plus que tous ses pairs, il a su incarner le commandement, en exigeant que chacun tienne sa place, à son niveau, et en assumant seul les prises de décision. Voici le portrait nuancé du généralissime, construit sans œillères à partir des sources les plus diverses.

Alfonso married his daughter to Gioffre and gave the over-large dowry in return for Pope Alexander’s recognition of Alfonso’s claim to the throne of Naples. During this time the young couple lived mostly at Rome, where Sancha reputedly had affairs with both of her husband’s elder brothers, Giovanni and Cesare, among others. Gioffre’s relationship with his father was poor. Pope Alexander VI legitimized him, but privately expressed doubts that Gioffre was his son.

He considered him a weakling because of his lack of interest in politics. Prospero Colonna he changed sides to join the Spanish, which caused a rebellion in Alvito. Two years later Sancha died childless. Consequently, the Spanish King of Naples, Ferdinand II of Aragon, took possession of Gioffre’s estates in Alvito. However, Gioffre was able to retain Squillace, on the Calabrian coast, which he ruled as a feudal vassal of Naples. Gioffre’s second marriage was to one of his cousins, Maria de Mila of Aragon. They had a son, Francesco, and three daughters: Lucrezia, Antonia and Maria Borgia.