Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the French general and politician. Général Revanche, was a French general and politician. The la République Absolue, 1870-1889 PDF of September 1889 marked a decisive defeat for the Boulangists. Changes in the electoral laws prevented Boulanger from running in multiple constituencies and the aggressive opposition of the established government, combined with Boulanger’s self-imposed exile, contributed to a rapid decline of the movement.
Academics have attributed the failure of the movement to Boulanger’s own weaknesses. He was never able to unite the disparate elements, ranging from the far left to the far right, that formed the base of his support. He was able, however, to frighten Republicans and force them to reorganize and strengthen their solidarity in opposition to him. Born in Rennes, Boulanger graduated from Saint-Cyr and entered regular service in the French Army in 1856. It was in the capacity of War Minister that Boulanger gained most popularity. On Freycinet’s defeat in December of the same year, Boulanger was retained by René Goblet at the war office. The government was astonished by the revelation that Boulanger had received around 100,000 votes for the partial election in Seine, without even being a candidate.