Roger Taillibert : Le Parc olympique de Montréal PDF

This article needs roger Taillibert : Le Parc olympique de Montréal PDF citations for verification. The stadium is the largest by seating capacity in Canada. After the Olympics, artificial turf was installed and it became the home of Montreal’s professional baseball and football teams. The stadium has not had a main tenant since the Expos left in 2004.

Despite decades of use, the stadium’s history of numerous structural and financial problems has largely branded it a white elephant. As early as 1963, Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau sought to build a covered stadium in Montreal. The Olympic swimming pool is located under this tower. The building’s design is cited as a masterpiece of Organic Modern architecture. Taillibert based the building on plant and animal forms, aiming to include vertebral structures with sinews or tentacles, while still following the basic plans of Modern architecture. The stadium was originally slated to be finished in 1972, but the grand opening was cancelled due to a strike by construction workers.

The Conseil des métiers de la construction union headed by André « Dédé » Desjardins kept the construction site in « anarchic disorder » until the Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa bought him off in a secret deal. Additionally, the project was plagued by circumstances beyond anyone’s control. Work slowed to a snail’s pace for a third of the year due to Montreal’s typically brutal winters. As a result, the stadium and tower remained unfinished at the opening of the 1976 Olympic Games. The roof materials languished in a warehouse in Marseille until 1982, and the tower and roof were not completed until 1987. The elevator cabin ascends from base of the tower to upper deck in less than two minutes at a rate of 2.

The elevator faces north-east, offering a view to the north, south and east. It overlooks the Olympic Village, the Biodome, the Botanical Gardens and Saputo Stadium. The Olympic Park, the stadium’s suspended roof and downtown Montreal can be viewed from the south-west facing Observatory at the top of the tower. 134 million to construct, strikes and construction delays served to escalate these costs. The Quebec government introduced a special tobacco tax in May 1976 to help recoup its investment.

In mid-November 2006, the stadium’s costs were finally paid in full, more than 30 years after it opened. 20 million in revenue each year since 1977. Although the tower and retractable roof were not completed in time for the 1976 Olympics, construction on the tower resumed in the 1980s. During this period, however, a large fire set the tower ablaze, causing damage and forcing a scheduled Expos home game to be postponed. In 1986, a large chunk of the tower fell onto the playing field prior to another Expos game August 29 vs.

San Diego Padres forcing a doubleheader on August 30. In January 1985, approval was given by the Quebec government to complete the project and install a retractable roof, financed by an Olympic cigarette tax in the province. As part of various renovations made in 1991 to improve the stadium’s suitability as a baseball venue, 12,000 seats were eliminated, most of them in distant portions of the outfield, and home plate was moved closer to the stands. No one was injured, but the Expos had to move their final 13 home games of that season to the opponents’ cities. The Expos hinted that the 1992 season was at risk unless the stadium was certified safe.

January 18, dumping ice and snow on workers that were setting up for the annual Montreal Auto Show. The stadium’s condition suffered considerably in the early 21st century. During the Expos’ final years in Montreal, it was coated with grime, and much of the concrete was chipped, stained, and soiled. In 2009, the stadium received approval to remain open in the winter, provided weather conditions are favourable. 50 to 60 times a year.