Tlemcen et Tombouctou PDF

West African Jewish communities who were connected to known Jewish communities from the Middle East, North Africa, or Spain and Portugal. According to most accounts, the earliest Jewish settlements in Africa were in tlemcen et Tombouctou PDF such as Egypt, Tunisia, and Morocco. Jews had settled along the Upper Nile at Elephantine in Egypt.

Tlemcen et Tombouctou, par M. Charles Brosselard,…
Date de l’édition originale : 1861

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Africa is identified in various Jewish sources in connection with Tarshish and Ophir. Zuwa Alyaman coming from Yemen and settling in Kukiya. As early as Roman times, Moroccan Jews had begun to travel inland to trade with groups of Berbers, most of whom were nomads who dwelt in remote areas of the Atlas Mountains. Berbers even began to practice Judaism. In the 10th century, as the social and political environment in Baghdad became increasingly hostile to Jews, many Jewish traders there left for the Maghreb, Tunisia in particular. According to certain local Malian legends a mention in the Tarikh al-Sudan may have recorded the first Jewish presence in West Africa with the arrival of the first Zuwa ruler of Koukiya and his brother, located near the Niger River.

It is also stated that they had an army of 1500 men. Other sources say that other Jewish communities in the region were formed by migrations from Morocco, Egypt, and Portugal. In the 14th century many Moors and Jews, fleeing persecution in Spain, migrated south to the Timbuktu area, at that time part of the Songhai Empire. In Garura there were some very rich Jews. Tlemcen set up the pillage of their goods, and most of them have been killed by the population. He will not allow any to live in the city.

If he hears it said that a Berber merchant frequents them or does business with them, he confiscates his goods. There seems to be little doubt that Jews have largely been mixed with Berbers living in the Moroccan and Algerian Sahara. It is believed that some Berber clans may have been at one time Jews and according to another tradition they are descended from the Philistines driven out of Canaan. Morocco and in the adjacent Sahara. Figuig, a mellah with 100 Jews. Travels and Discoveries in Northern and Central Africa by Prof. The Daggatuns were a nomadic tribe of Jewish origin living in the neighborhood of Tamentit, in the oasis of Tuat in the Moroccan Sahara.

1857 journeyed through the Sahara to Timbuctu, and whose account of his travels was published in the « Bulletin de la Société de Géographie ». Other accounts place a group of « Arabs » driven to Ajaj as being identified with the Mechagra mentioned by Erwin von Bary, among whom a few Jews are said still to dwell there. Rabbi Mordechai Aby Serour circa 1870s – 1880s. Former Timbuktu house and synagogue of Rabbi Mordechai Aby Serour used circa 1870’s – 1880’s. Rabbi Mordechai Abi Serour, with his brother Yitzhaq, came from Morocco in 1859 to be a trader in Timbuktu.